MATH SOLVE

2 months ago

Q:
# The sum of the speeds of two trains is 721.5 miles per hour. If the speed of the first train is 8.5 mph faster than that of the second train, find the speeds of each.

Accepted Solution

A:

Answer:365.0 mi/h; 356.5 mi/h
Step-by-step explanation: Let x = speed of first train
and y = speed of second train
We have two conditions:
(1) x + y = 721.5
(2) x = y + 8.5
Subtract y from each side of (2) (3) x - y = 8.5
Add (1) and (3) 2x = 730.0
Divide each side by 2 (4) x = 365.0
Substitute (4) into (1) 365.0 + y = 721.5
Subtract 365.0 from each side y = 356.5
The first train travels at 365.0 mi/h, and the second train travelsat 356.5 mi/h.
Check:
365.0 + 356.5 = 721.5 365.0 = 356.5 + 8.5
721.5 = 721.5 365.0 = 365.0